Sary- Chelek Lake
The lake Sary-Chelek is located 500 km from Bishkek and 300 km from Osh, in the territory of the Sary-Chelek State Biosphere Reserve. The lake lies on the boundary of At-Oinok and Chatkal ranges, at an altitude of 1940 meters. The lake covers an area of 507 hectares, has length of 7.5 km, and depth of 234 meters. It is the second and third deepest lake in Kyrgyzstan and Central Asia, respectively. The coastline covered with dense forests and rocky places in some areas. Sary-Chelek fed by several mountain rivers. The water temperature in summer does not exceed 19 °C and in winter ranges from 0 °C to 4 °C. The literal translation of the name “Sary Chelek” is “yellow ladle.” As legend goes, the lake received its name from a beekeeper that was tending beehives near its shore. He found the honey’s yellow shades so captivating that he named the lake “yellow ladle.” Of course, some people think the origin of the name comes from the reflection of the golden leaves that decorate the trees in autumn, making the water’s surface look as if it has a brilliant, gold veneer. The Sary-Chelek State Biosphere Reserve (area 23.8 ha) is included in UNESCO’s international network of nature reserves and was established to preserve the flora and fauna of the walnut forests and alpine landscapes.
Arslanbob Walnut Forests
The walnut forests of Arslanbob are a rare masterpiece of nature with their beauty and diversity of plant species. This picturesque area is located 50 kilometers north of Jalal-Abad city. The territory, with an overall area of 608,500 hectares is home to 130 different tree and shrub species. The most common plants are walnut trees, providing 200-400 kg of fruit per year. A common legend says that Alexander the Great came to these lands in 329 BC and was so delighted with the taste of the nuts, he brought them back home and cultivated them, later spreading them all throughout Greece.
Mausoleum of Shah Fazil is a part of the Shah Fazil Historical and Architectural Complex. The complex is located in the Gulistan village of Ala Buka district. The mausoleum is the burial place of Mahmud ibn Nasir (nicknamed Shah Fazil, fair shah), who came from the Kara-Khanid dynasty that ruled in the 10th-12th centuries. The height of this pyramidal structure is 15.5 meters. The structure consists of a step drum and tall dome resting on it. The interior of the building decorated with ganch carvings (the art and technique of carving on ganch, containing a high percentage of gypsum, lie in its ability to harden quickly. Ganch treated in a complex way, the main processes of which are: kilning, purification, and mixing up gypsum powder to which gum added.) of bright colors.